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The School

HALLOW SCHOOL

Grade: II   Listing NGR: SO8259358647


1857 by William Jeffrey Hopkins; mid-C20 alterations and additions. Brick, blue brick surface ornamentation, stone dressings, tiled roofs with parapets and kneelers at gable ends. High Victorian Gothic style.  Asymmetrical composition of large main schoolroom range, to east of which is a smaller, parallel range with a large bell tower and adjacent small south cross-wing. Single storey and attic; blue brick bands and also blue diaper frieze at mid-wall height and below eaves level; corner buttresses with offsets; large, multi-light traceried windows in gable ends. Main elevation to east: range to right of bell tower has a 4-light and a 3-light flat headed window separated by an early C20 gabled porch with pointed doorway and trefoil open-ing above; at junction of porch roof ridge and main roof is a brick chimney with offsets. The south cross-wing gable end has a 3-light window and circular opening above pierced with quatrefoil. Bell tower of 3 stages; lower stage has buttresses with offsets, pointed doorway and hood mould with returns continuing as string, broad, round-lobed, part-glazed quatrefoil frieze above; second stage has 3 narrow lights; third stage has clockface recessed within moulded circular surround; 3 part-louvred, part-traceried openings to each face of bell turret, tall pyramidal roof with fishscale tiles, and weathercock. The school was founded in 1712 by Bishop Lloyd, with part of the money left by Anne Bull, a local benefactress, died 1707, to purchase land to provide the endowment for schools in Hallow, Grimley and Madresfield. The school had fallen into decay by the early C19 and the present school was built with money from the rent from Anne Bull's lands.

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The school was instituted in 1712 by the Bishop of Worcester, William Lloyd.  A group of Trustees (Governors) were chosen to establish the school, along Anna Bull’s guidelines, on the site of the existing school. Hallow School consisted of a building to be used as a schoolhouse, garden and outbuildings in an acre and a half of land.

The 18th Century

Elsewhere in Britain ...

In 1714 Queen Anne died and from then Britain was ruled during the Century by the German Georges I, II, and III.

The most outstanding political leader was Sir Robert Walpole. The first ‘Prime Minister’, who developed the idea of the CABINET, a group of ministers who took the actual control of administration from the Crown.

During the Century many famous musicians composed their well-known works; Bach, Haydn, Handel, Mozart and Beethoven. In 1762 the 6 yr. old Mozart began a 4 year concert tour of Europe the fore runner to the Beatles?)

Many Artists lived and worked during this time; Gainsborough, Turner, Reynolds, Stubbs and Hogarth.

Literary Greats were Pope, William Blake, Defoe, Burns, Swift, Voltaire, Johnson, Goldsmith and Fielding.

1722   Guy’s hospital was founded by bookseller Thomas Guy
1744   The first recorded Cricket Match: Kent v Rest of England was played
1752   Britain changed to the Gregorian Calendar

1760 -1830s  The Industrial Revolution changed the British way of life dramatically as machines replaced manual workers              
1771   The first bound copy of the Encyclopedia Britannica
1773   James Cook (GB) was the first to sail South of Antarctica
1775   The start of production of Steam Engines
1785   The start of The Times Newspaper


1798   The British Government introduced Income Tax to meet costs of Napoleonic wars. The British Fleet led by Nelson defeated the French Fleet led by Napoleon.  Napoleon's brother was captured at sea, arrested and held in house arrest in Thorngrove just north of Hallow.

But here in Hallow in 1712 we got our SCHOOL!

In 1707 Anna Bull of Hallow Park died, leaving £100 in her will to buy 3 pieces of land (20 acres) in Hallow which were to be rented and the monies used to establish a free school
 for boys and girls in the Village of Hallow. Boys should learn to read, write, do accounts and learn and recite the Church Catechism. Girls should also learn to read, write, do simple accounts, cook and sew. This was at a time when few children, particularly girls, had the chance to attend school and learn to read and write.

The school was instituted in 1712 by the Bishop of Worcester, William Lloyd.  A group of Trustees (Governors) were chosen to establish the school, along Anna Bull's guidelines, on the site of the existing school. Hallow School consisted of a building to be used as a schoolhouse, garden and outbuildings in an acre and a half of land.

In 1747 John Doharty 'survey'd and map'd the village of Hallow and included the new school on his map.

Most children who joined the school were from families who farmed the land in and around the Village. They would also have had jobs on the farm and at busy times in the year, Harvest for example, would have missed school to work. In the winter labourers who worked on large farms were often out of work and families were very poor.

The 18th Century family was an extended family where grand parents lived with children and grandchildren. Families were large averaging five or more children. Children were an important asset as they took care of their parents when they were old. The family was the Social Security of the time. Quite often in towns and cities the trade engaged in by many children was crime. Street Urchins, who were left to fend for themselves, picked the pockets of the wealthy or stole from market places. When caught they were treated the same as adults offenders and could have their fingers or hands chopped off!

Richer children had tutors to teach them how to read, write and do arithmetic. Boys would be prepared for university and girls would go to finishing schools where they would learn to be ‘Ladies’ when they grew up.


The 19th Century

Elsewhere in Britain...

The country was reigned by George III & IV & William IV but Queen Victoria reigned from 1837 until 1901.  Britain fought wars in USA, against Napoleon in Europe and the Boers in South Africa.

Transport systems were improving as the first iron bridges, steam trains, Tarmacadam roads, electric motors, matches, pneumatic tyres for bicycles were all invented, designed and developed in Britain in the 19th Century. British inventors also invented matches, cement, anesthetics, Morse code and the telephone during the 19th Century.

British artists and writers Wordsworth, Byron, Constable, Austen, Dickens, Turner, Shelley, Coleridge, Keats, Blake, Hardy, Gilbert and Sullivan were all hard at work. Edward Lear wrote his nonsense poems and limericks and Lewis Carroll wrote Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass.

By 1884 the majority of men over 21 were allowed to vote in Britain (but no women).

Across Britain in the 19th Century more schools were opening. In 1844 schools were attached to factories where children worked for 6 half days and attended school for 6 half days a week. Some schools were founded by churches (National Schools) but still by the mid-19th Century many children only went to school part time and for as little as a year. In 1880 school became compulsory for all 5 to 10 year olds.

Classes were often large and taught by untrained teenage pupil teachers. The cane and the dunce's cap were used to keep strict order. Children wrote on slates with a slate pencil at first, then learned copperplate handwriting, using a dip pen and inkwell. Children were taught little more than the 3 Rs: Reading, wRiting and aRithmetic plus religion. Physical education was called 'Drill' when children practised exercises and marching to orders from the teacher.

By the end of the 19th Century the school leaving age was raised to 12, when children could start work.


In Hallow School...

Hallow school was already 88 years old at the start of the 19th Century. The original building had 'fallen into decay' by 1829 so two 'large commodious schoolrooms' were built. The original building was repaired for use as a schoolhouse. Mr. Best was the Head.


By 1852 the school was commended for its 'good English education' and numbers had increased to 127 so the 71 boys were taught in the disused Baptist chapel and the 56
 girls upstairs in the school house. Mr. Bullock was the Head and his wife the schoolmistress.


The school was extended again in 1857 to the plans of architect William Jeffrey Hopkins at the cost of £760, half of which was raised by parishioners of Hallow. Mr. Eggleton became Head in 1861.

In 1866 all 60 Infants were taught in one room but later a 'babies' room was added. Mr. Williams was the Head.
In 1884 the school was again enlarged made possible by a large donation from Mr. Charles Wheeley Lea, of Parkfield, Hallow, enabling also the unusual clock turret and tower also to be built at a total cost of £687.

In 1888 it became a 'National School' teaching some pupils up to age 15, when they left school for work. Mr. William Wilding was Head.

School holidays were given to allow children to help with the harvest at Hallow farms. They had a pea and bean holiday in late June and a hop picking holiday at the end of August and into September. This continued until well into the 20th Century.


The 20th Century

Elsewhere in Britain...

Queen Victoria died in 1901 and Edward VII came to the throne and was succeeded by George V in 1910. In 1936 Edward VIII became king but in December of the same year he abdicated and George VI came to the throne. In 1952 King George VI died and was succeeded by his daughter Queen Elizabeth II, who remains on the throne to this day in 2012. The life of Prince Charles, the heir to the throne has been prominent, with his marriage to Diana in 1981, their separation in 1992 and Princess Diana’s death in 1997.

In 1901 Marconi transmitted messages across the Atlantic by wireless telegraphy. In 1920 public Radio Broadcasting began in Britain. A demonstration of television by John Logie Baird in London took place in 1926 and the development of Stereophonic recording in1958. Mr. Trevor Baylis created the wind-up clockwork radio.

Air travel came on in leaps and bounds with connections in Britain of Alcock and Brown making the first non-stop Atlantic flight in 1919, in 1930 Amy Johnson flew solo from London to Australia and the development of the first vertical take-off plane “The Flying Bedstead” in 1954. The Concorde, the Anglo-French supersonic Airliner went into service in 1976.
Britain was involved in several conflicts in this century, The First World War from 1914 to 1918 and the Second World War from 1939 to V.E. Day in 1945. The Troubles in Northern Ireland continued for years with the 1972 “Bloody Sunday” incident being prominent.

Popular music underwent many changes as radio, TV, records and CDs were introduced into most homes as the century progressed.  The Roaring Twenties gave way to Swing in the war years, the Pop scene and the Beatles in The Sixties then to Hip Hop and Reggae in the latter part of the century.

Women got the vote in 1918 and the voting age fell from 21 to 18 in 1969. The Race Relations Act against Racial Discrimination is passed in Parliament in 1968 and the Death Penalty in Britain was abolished in 1965.

The Great Train Robbery took place in1963 and Decimalization simplified our money in Britain in 1970. In 1976 Europe had its worst drought for 200 years.

Winston Churchill became Prime Minister in 1940 and Margaret Thatcher became Prime Minister in 1970.

In Hallow School...

In 1903 Mr. Arthur Robinson Moreton became headmaster of Hallow School and was succeeded by Mr. Alfred Spencer Lewis in 1923. In 1911 the Infant School was opened then combined in 1923.
Hallow School Group, 1926
Hallow Parish Hall, funded by local subscription, was opened in 1930 and Mr. Joseph Banks gave the Playing Field to the village. Older girls, up to 14 years learnt cookery, laundry, sewing, boys learnt woodwork, handicraft, poultry keeping and gardening.

In 1939 eleven evacuees and their teacher joined the school from Birmingham. Children was surveyed for malnutrition in 1940. Mr. Maurice Jones became headmaster to Hallow School. In 1945 schools meals started in the Parish Hall.

In 1947 a Dry Barnardos Home was opened in Hallow Park with the children coming to Hallow School for their education, 5 or 6 additional children per class.

The May Day Patronal Festival was revived in 1951 by the wife of Mr. Reynolds, the vicar of Hallow and has been held every May ever since.
The government changed the Law in 1952 to bring school holidays in rural schools into line with city schools meaning the loss of income to families from the children working in the hop fields.

In 1960 children left Hallow School at the age of 11years old to go to The Chantry High School or The Grammar School.

1963 Mr. Leslie Boulton became headmaster of Hallow School with Mr. Graves taking over this role in 1968.

In 1975 Hallow School children re-enacted The Civil War in Worcester.

Hallow School, 21st Century

In 1976 the elm trees along the drive to Hallow Park were cut down and the wood used by parents to create a playground on the playing fields.

School leavers in the 1980s
In 1982 Hallow Play Nursery School moved from Headway Farm to a room in Hallow School. In 1983 Mr. Eric Harrison retired from Hallow School.

In 1986 Mike Finn became headmaster of Hallow school, followed by Mr. Robin Sharples in 1990, Janet Wright in 1995, Julie King in 1999, Sue Foster Agg in 2000, and Simon Stubbs took over in 2005.


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HALLOW VOLUNTARY SCHOOL IN WORLD WAR I

(Information gathered  from the school log book, and articles from Parish Magazines).  
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